Refunds May Be Used to Pay Debt
The State of Iowa may take refunds to pay certain debts. This process is called offsetting refunds.
Debts that may be offset include:
- taxes owed the State of Iowa
- taxes owed the Internal Revenue Service
- unpaid child support
- overpayment of unemployment
- fines owed to counties
- unpaid college aid loans
- food stamp overpayment
- ADC/FIP overpayment
- any other debt owed to a state agency
When a refund is kept by the state to pay debt, a letter is sent to
the taxpayer by the agency offsetting the money. For example, when a
refund from an individual income tax return is used to pay back child
support, the Department of Human Services will send a letter to the taxpayer.
A refund or payment may be taken to pay more than one debt; for instance, if a taxpayer owes College Aid money and also has an unpaid county fine. Each offsetting agency has up to 45 days to process their offset.
If an entire refund or payment is not needed to pay the debt, the remainder will be sent to the taxpayer. If direct deposit was requested, the remainder will be refunded by direct deposit.
This process may take at least 45-60 days.